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Historical Events

  1. A Discovery of Two Foreign Sects: The Sect of the Parsees, 1752
    Lord, Henry
    This historic article provides a comprehensive description of Parsee community, their religion, traditions and customs as it was observed in ca. 1752 by the author, Henry Lord. This article was published two years prior to arrival of Anquetil Du Perron in India.

  2. A Healing Vision
    Smith, Timothy

    A frank discussion of the tragedy of September 11, 2001 that unfolded in the USA questions just how far civilization has really come from ages past, while an account of Zarathushtra’s teachings chart a new course to a better world.

  3. ĀTAŠ-E DORUN: The Fire Within
    Tarapore, Dr. Erach
    A reader's perspective on a memorial book featuring 44 articles on various topics of interest in Zoroastrian studies ranging from Gathic to philosophy, ethics, history, and linguistic aspects of world's monotheistic oldest religion. The book featuring articles by some of the leading scholars of Zoroastrian studies, provides a good gauge of the state of Zoroastrian studies at the entrance to the 3rd millennium C.E.

  4. Avestan Womanhood (- its high esteem) and Love
    Kerr, Dr. Sam

    Tracing the way of life of Avestan women --  trials, tribulations, triumphs and the high esteem in which they were held in society.  Article does not omit the familiar downsides, which have occurred through history in all human societies.  Finally, he traces their strides and advances unto modern times.

  5. Birth of Zarathushtra
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar
    Zarathushtra's birth was a monumental event in man's history. His thoughts became the foundation on which humanity based much of its civility and ethical inter working.  His contributions to humanity are much to be celebrated.

  6. Birthday of Asho Zarathushtra
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar
    The birthday of prophet Zarathushtra is on Khordad-ruz and Farvardin-mah, March 26th. This article is a brief on history of birthday of prophet Zarathushtra's  based on Zarathushtrian religious scriptures.

  7. Causes of the Downfall of the Sassanian Empire
    Shahmardan, Rashid
    This article lists a series of historical events leading to fall of the Sassanian empire in the face of the Islamic-Arab invasion of the 7th century A.D.

  8. Celebration of Life -- Novruz
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar
    In this article Jafarey gives account of celebration of New Year “Novruz” by people of Iranian and Zarathushti origin. This celebration of life on the first day of spring in the Northern Hemisphere is of immense historical significance.

  9. Customs, Rules and correct manners in Shah-nameh
    Ichaporia, Dr. Pallan R.
    The Shah-nameh in addition to be being a poetic masterpiece that has captured the history of an ancient nation, it is a book of morals and manners. The author brings out how the Shah-nameh has captured in a unique way the proper manners and customs exercised in ancient Iran. The mannerism highlighted in this book holds as much relevance now as it did before, in connection with our dealing with others.

  10. Defining Zarathusthrian Identity: Discovering Strength through Diversity
    Hakim, Zareen
    Personal perspective of an upcoming North American Zarathusthrian of the 21st century raised by first generation immigrant parents who had to come to terms with her unique identity is presented in this paper.  The uniqueness of the Vision of Zarathushtra and how it helped answer the question of her identity is brought out in this paper. 

  11. Discovery of Fire and Jashn-e Sadeh
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar

    The catapulted event that the discovery of fire was in the evolution of human civilization, and the significance of fire symbolism from a Zarathushtrian cultural and theological perspective is discussed in this paper.

  12. Extending Zarathushtra’s Vision in a Post Sept-11, 2001 World
    Vania, Professor Dr. Natalie H.
    A case study arising from the post September 11, 2001 context is presented to showcase the contribution of Zarathushtra's vision in a future harmonious geo-political terrain.

  13. Ganj Ali Khan
    Soroushian, Dr. Mehrborzin
    The book written by Bastani Parizi refers to an episode that many Kermani Zarathushtis have been told by their parents. The episode if had gone unchecked would have resulted in the massacre of all the Zarathushtis of Kerman at that time.

  14. Influence of Zarathushtrian faith on the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity and Islam
    Mehta, Kayomarsh P.
    Zarathushtra's thought on the relation between man, divinity, and consciousness had profound influence on theological development of other faiths. This article captures some of the direct influence of Zarathushtrian believes on the development of Judaic, Christian and Islamic thoughts.

  15. Mankind and the Freedom of Choice in Zoroastrian Scripture
    Shroff, Kersi B.
    This article produced on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of universal declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations, provides insight into the importance of Freedom of Choice that has been much emphasized by Zarathushtra.

  16. Many Polish Boys were named Dariusz: A chapter in forgotten history of Iran
    Antolak, Ryszard J.

    In the course of the World War II, the ancient land of Iran played host to Polish refugees displaced from their homeland. The author whose mother was part of the mass displacement recounts the journey of the mid-20th century Polish refugees through the land of Cyrus and Darius.

  17. Mehrgan
    McIntyre, Dina G.
    The author discusses the origins of Mehrgan and the meanings behind the symbols, and makes suggestions as to how this festival can be celebrated in our communities in the 21st century and beyond.

  18. Nov-Ruz, The Zarathushtrian New Year
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar
    A comprehensive review of Nov-Ruz, the Zarathuhtrian New Year is given from historical and religious perspective.  The significance of the Nov-Ruz table as the center piece of its celebration is also described.


  19. Pythagoras and the story behind the Croton Crown
    Kanga, Adi and Kerr, Dr. Sam
    The authors try to correct an extraordinary anomaly in history.  The so-called 'Theorem of Pythagoras' and his teachings were already established ages before he was born.  They give meaningful evidence to support the reality.  The coin, the 'Croton Crown' happens to fit into the flow of their discussion."

  20. Parvin the Daughter of Sassan
    Hedayt, Sadeq
    Set against the background of eminent fall of a major Iranian city to the invading Arab forces following the collapse of the Imperial Sassanian forces, the faith of a Zoroastrian family as they face the reality of the changing norms and value system about to be imposed on them is brought alive through this emotion filled play.

  21. Seth Maneckji Limji Hataria
    Deboo, Malcolm Minoo
    The events leading to  Zoroastrians of Iran being given some degree of civil rights during the Qajar period of late 19th century to 20th century when no such rights had existed for that minority group in an Islamic State are outlined in this paper. The contributions of Zoroastrians in Iran and outside Iran leading to the uplift of this community and their ancestral land is also alluded to in this article.

  22. Shah-Nameh – A Teaching Tool
    Udvadia, Jamshed R.
    The Shah-Nameh is the history of Persia, particularly its legendary Mazdayasni Zarathushti kings from ancient times to 7th century CE, when the last Zarathushti king was defeated in battle by the conquering Arabs.

  23. Shah-nameh, The Stronghold of Persian Identity
    Makki, Dr. Ali
    In the article, the importance of Shah-nameh as a document of Iranian nationalism, and the critical role it has played in helping to preserve the Iranian language and culture is discussed. The significance of this masterpiece from a literary and historical perspective is analyzed.

  24. Spahbod Rustam Farrukh-Hormazd
    Coyajee, Sir Jehangir

    The Faith making battle of Qadisyyeh, where the Imperial Sassanian forces under the command of Rustam Farrukh-Hormaz for four history making days faced the invading Arab forces under the command of Sad-Waqas waging the banner of Islam, forever sealed the faith of Zoroastrian Iran. Sir Jehangir Coyajee with great skill takes the reader through the four days of the battle and recreates the circumstances surrounding that event.

  25. Temptation of Zarathushtra
    Dhalla, Dastur Dr. Maneckji N.
    Zarathushtra in his mission to guide humanity towards enlightenment and away from superstitious and servitude is opposed by forces of oppression who first tempted him with martial riches and failing to win him over, used the threat of harm. In staying his course he resorts to righteousness as his weapon of choice.

  26. The Fire Festival
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar

    Sadeh the observation of the discovery of Fire has been celebrated by Zarathushtrians for thousands of year. The significance of Fire and this celebration is discussed in this educational article.

  27. The First Declaration of Human Rights
    Jahanian, Dr. Daryoush

    This essay is reproduced from Darius Jahanian's book "Zoroastrianism and Biblical Connections." Based on Old Testament, several ancient Babylonian and Persian inscriptions as well as Greek sources, Jahanian presents a picture of the personalities of the two great Achaemenian emperors, founder Cyrus the Great and Darius. The tolerance and kindness of Cyrus toward the people of the kingdoms, their deities and religious practices is the basis for the first declaration of human rights in the vast Achaemenian empire.

  28. The Good Religion, Indo-Iranian Zarathushtis, and Westernization
    Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar

    Issues faced by the Zoroastrian immigrants in the West in trying to instill their traditional value systems. Suggestions based on the principles in the Gathas to address these issues vis-ŕ-vis the youth exposed to the host countries' culture.

  29. The Last War Dakhma of Iran
    Soroushian, Dr. Mehrborzin
    A brief historical account surrounding the events leading to and following the massacre of Zartoshty villagers in Kerman in the early 18th century. Included is also a brief description of the purpose of war dakhmas.

  30. The Love of Truth in Ancient Iran
    Insler, Professor Stanley
    Author discusses the importance of truth in relation to man and God and its central position. Historical perspectives for this concept is given based on documented.

  31. Women in the Avesta Era
    Jahanian, Dr. Daryoush

    Gathas of Zarathushtra makes no distinction between man and woman; their position in life and society is not based on their gender. Each person chooses his or her own path with free will irrespective of gender. Zarathushtrian ancient texts are the basis for the discussion in this educational paper.

  32. Zarathushtra
    Insler, Emeritus Professor Dr. Stanley

    This insightful article draws parallels between the moral challenges faced by humanity in the 21st century and those faced by Zarathushtra, and how he went about addressing them. The discussion provides great insight into the teachings of Zarathushtra.

  33. Zarathushtra and the horse
    Frye, Professor Richard Nelson

    In this article the time and place of Zarathushtra, the ancient prophet, is investigated. With the original message of Zarathushtra expressed in the Gathas proving to be timeless, the investigation is based on other available historical evidences that provides valuable insight into Zarathushtra's origin.

  34. Zarathustra’s Reflections on His Mission, Yasna 46
    Irani, Dinshah
    In relating the challenges he faced in bringing about the triumph of good over evil, Zarathushtra describes the turmoil and triumphs that righteous humans often experience in their lives as they try to do right.  This insightful article addresses issues relating to best existence lived in promoting humanity towards perfection. 

  35. Zoroastrianism under the Achaemenids
    Shroff, Kersi B.

    An informative review of the state of the Zoroastrian religion in the context of the Achaemenian empire is given based on historical evidence.

  36. Zoroastrianism and Judaism
    Bagli, Ervard Dr. Jehan

    In this article historical and documented facts are presented to indicate the influence of Zoroastrianism on the evolution of Judaism and the parallels with the other now extant religions.