The Divine Songs of Zarathustra
Translated by C. Bartholomae
Chapter 1 / Yasna 28.
- With outspread hands in petition for that help, O Mazda, I
will pray for the works of the holy spirit, O thou the Right,
whereby I may please the will of Good Thought and the Ox-Soul.
- I who would serve you, O Mazda Ahura and Vohu Mano, do ye
give through Asha the blessings of both worlds, the bodily and
that of the Spirit, which set the faithful in felicity.
- I who would praise ye as never before, Right and Good Thought
and Mazda Ahura, and those for whom Piety makes an imperishable
Dominion to grow; come ye to me help at my call.
- I who have set my heart on watching over the soul, in union
with Good Thought, and as knowing the rewards of Mazda Ahura for
our works, will, while I have power and strength, teach men to
seek after Right.
- O Asha, shall I see thee and Good Thought, as one that knows?
(Shall I see) the throne of the mightiest Ahura and the following
of Mazda? Through this word (of promise) on our tongue will we
turn the robber horde unto the Greatest.
- Come thou with Good Thought, give through Asha, O Mazda, as
the gift to Zarathushtra, according to thy sure words, long enduring
mighty help, and to us, O Ahura, whereby we may overcome the enmity
of our foes.
- Grant, O thou Asha, the reward, the blessing of Good Thought;
O Piety, give our desire to Vishtaspa and to me; O thou Mazda
and King, grant that your Prophet may command a hearing.
- The best I ask of Thee, O Best, Ahura (Lord) of one will with
the Best Asha, desiring (it) for the hero Frashaostra and for
those (others) to whom thou wilt give (it), (the best gift) of
Good Mind through all time.
- With these bounties, O Ahura, may we never provoke your wrath,
O Mazda and Right and Best Thought, we who have been eager in
bringing you songs of praise. Ye are they that are the mightiest
to advance desire and the Dominion of Blessings.
- The wise whom thou knowest as worthy, for their right (doing)
and their good thought, for them do thou fulfill their longing
for attainment. For I know words of prayer are effective with
Ye, which tend to a good object.
- I would thereby preserve Right and Good Thought for evermore,
that I may instruct, do thou teach me, O Mazda Ahura, from thy
spirit by thy mouth how it will be with the First Life.
Chapter 2 / Yasna 29.
- Unto you wailed the Ox-soul, "For whom did ye fashion
me? Who created me? Violence and rapine (and) savagery hath oppressed
me, and outrage and might. I have no other herdsman than you;
prepare for me then the blessings of pasture."
- Then the Ox-Creator asked of the Right: "Hast thou a
judge for the Ox, that ye may be able to appoint him zealous tendance
as well as fodder? Whom do ye will to be his lord, who may drive
off violence together with the followers of the Lie?"
- To him the Right replied: "There is for the Ox no helper
that can keep him away. Those yonder have no knowledge how right-doers
act towards the lowly".
(The Ox-Creator): "Strongest of beings is he to whose help
I come at call".
- (Asha) "Mazda knoweth best the purposes that have been
wrought already by demons and by mortals, and that shall be wrought
hereafter. He, Ahura, is the decider. So shall it be as he shall
- (The Ox-Creator) "To Ahura with outspread hands we twain
would pray, my soul and that of the pregnant cow, so that we twain
urge Mazda with entreaties. Destruction is not for the right-living,
nor for the cattle-tender at the hands of Liars."
- Then spake Ahura Mazda himself, who knows the law with wisdom:
"There is found no lord or judge according to the Right Order
for the Creator hath formed thee for the cattle-tender and the
- This ordinance about the fat hath Ahura Mazda, one in will
with Right, created for cattle, and the milk for them that crave
nourishment, by his command, the holy one.
(The Ox and Cow:) "Whom hast thou, O Good Thought, among
men, who may care for us twain?"
- (Vohu Manah:) He is known to me here who alone hath heard
our commands, even Zarathushtra Spitama; he willeth to make known
our thoughts, O Mazda, and those of the Right. So let us bestow
on him charm of speech.
- Then the Ox-Soul lamented: "That I must be content with
the ineffectual word of an impotent man for my protector, when
I wish for one that commands mightily! When ever shall there be
one who shall give him (the Ox) effective help?"
- (Zarathushtra:) Do ye, O Ahura, grant them strength, and O
Asha, and O Good Thought, that dominion, whereby he (the Savior)
could produce good dwellings and peace. I also have realized thee,
Mazda, as the first to accomplish this.
- "Where are Right and Good Thought and Dominion? So, ye
men, acknowledge me, for instruction, Mazda, for the great society."
(The Ox and Cow:) "O Ahura, now is help ours, we will be
ready to serve those that are of you."
Chapter 3 / Yasna 30.
- Now I will proclaim to those who will hear the things that
the understanding man should remember, for hymns unto Ahura and
prayers to Good Thought; also the felicity that is with the heavenly
lights, which through Right shall be beheld by him who wisely
- Hear with your ears the best things; look upon them with clear-seeing
thought, for decision between the two Beliefs, each man for himself
before the Great consummation, bethinking you that it be accomplished
to our pleasure.
- Now the two primal Spirits, who reveal themselves in vision
as Twins, are the Better and the Bad, in thought and word and
action. And between these two the wise ones chose aright, the
foolish not so.
- And when these twain Spirits came together in the beginning,
they created Life and Not-Life, and that at the last Worst Existence
shall be to the followers of the Lie, but the Best Existence to
him that follows Right.
- Of these twain Spirits he that followed the Lie chose doing
the worst things; the holiest Spirit chose Right, he that clothes
him with the massy heavens as a garment. So likewise they that
are fain to please Ahura Mazda by dutiful actions.
- Between these twain the Daevas also chose not aright, for
infatuation came upon them as they took counsel together, so that
they chose the Worst Thought. Then they rushed together to Violence,
that they might enfeeble the world of men.
- And to him (i.e. mankind) came Dominion, and Good Mind, and
Right and Piety gave continued life to their bodies and indestructibility,
so that by thy retributions through (molten) metal he may gain
the prize over the others.
- So when there cometh their punishment for their sins, then,
O Mazda, at Thy command shall Good Thought establish the Dominion
in the Consummation, for those who deliver the Lie, O Ahura, into
the hands of Right.
- So may we be those that make this world advance, O Mazda and
ye other Ahuras, come hither, vouchsafing (to us) admission into
your company and Asha, in order that (our) thought may gather
together while reason is still shaky.
- Then truly on the (world of) Lie shall come the destruction
of delight; but they who get themselves good name shall be partakers
in the promised reward in the fair abode of Good Thought, of Mazda,
and of Right.
- If, O ye mortals, ye mark those commandments which Mazda hath
ordained -- of happiness and pain, the long punishment for the
follower of the Druj, and blessings for the followers of the Right
-- then hereafter shall it be well.
Chapter 4 / Yasna 31.
- Mindful of your commands, we proclaim words unpleasant for
them to hear that after the commands of the Lie destroy the creatures
of Right, but most welcome to those that give their heart to Mazda.
- If by reason of these things the better path is not in sight
for choosing, then will I come to you all as judge of the parties
twain whom Ahura Mazda knoweth, that we may live according to
- What award Thou givest through the (holy) Spirit and through
the Fire and hast taught through Asha, to both the parties, and
what the decision is for the wise, this do Thou tell us, Mazda,
that we may know, even with the tongue of Thine own mouth, that
I may convert all living men.
- If Asha is to be invoked and Mazda and the other Ahuras and
Ashi and Armaiti, do thou seek for me, O Vohu Manah , the mighty
Dominion, by the increase of which we might vanquish the Lie.
[1. Boyce: "seek by the best purpose (vahishta manah)..."
This is an excellent example of the continuous juxtaposition in the Gathas
of the Amesha Spentas as divinities and things.]
- Tell me therefore what ye, O thou Right, have appointed me
as the better portion, for me to determine, to know and to keep
in mind, O thou Good Thought -- which portion they envy me. Tell
me of all these things. O Mazda Ahura, that shall not or shall
- To him shall the best befall, who, as one that knows, speaks
to me Right's truthful word of Welfare and of Immortality; even
the Dominion of Mazda which Good Thought shall increase for him.
- About which he in the beginning thus thought, "let the
blessed realms be filled with Light", he it is that by his
wisdom created Right. (Those realms) that the Best Thought shall
possess those dost Thou exalt, O Mazda, through the Spirit, which,
O Ahura, is ever the same.
- I recognize Thee, O Mazda, in my thought, that Thou the First
art (also) the Last -- that Thou art Father of Vohu Manah; --
when I apprehend Thee with mine eye, that Thou art the true Creator
of Right [Asha], and art the Lord to judge the actions of life.
- Thine was Armaiti, Thine the Ox-Creator, (namely) the Wisdom
of the Spirit, O Mazda Ahura, because Thou didst give (the cattle)
choice whether to depend on a husbandman or one who is no husbandman.
- So she chose for herself out of the two the cattle-tending
husbandman as her lord to guard the Right, the man that advances
Good Thought. He that is no-husbandman, O Mazda, however eager
he be, has no part in this good message.
- When Thou, O Mazda, in the beginning didst create the Individual
and the Individuality, through Thy Spirit, and powers of understanding
- when Thou didst make life clothed with the body, when (Thou
madest) actions and teachings, whereby one may exercise one's
convictions at one's free-will;
- Then lifts up his voice the false speaker or the true speaker,
he that knows or he that knows not, (each) according to his own
heart and mind. Passing from one to another Armaiti confers with
the spirit in whom there is wavering.
- Whatever open or whatever secret (acts) may be visited with
punishment, or whether a person for a little sin demands the highest
punishment, -- of all this through Asha Thou art aware, observing
it with Thy flashing eye.
- These things I ask Thee, O Ahura, how will these come and
happen -- the dues, that in accord with the records are appointed
for the righteous, and those, O Mazda, for the followers of the
Druj, -- how shall these be when they come to the reckoning.
- This I ask, what penalty is for him who seeks to achieve kingdom
for a liar, for a man of ill deeds, O Ahura, who finds not his
living without injury to the husbandman's cattle and men, though
he does him no injury.
- This I ask, whether the understanding man, who strives to
advance the Dominion over the house, or district, or land through
Asha, shall become like Thee, O Mazda Ahura, when will he be and
how will he act?
- Which is the greater -- what the follower of Asha or what
the follower of Druj believe? Let him that knows inform the wise;
no longer let him that knows nothing deceive. Be to us, O Mazda
Ahura, the Teacher of Good Thought.
- Let none of you listen to the words and commands of the follower
of the Druj; for he brings house and clan and district and land
into misery and destruction. Resist them with weapon!
- To him should we listen who has understood Asha, to the wise
Healer of Life O Ahura, who can or will establish the truth of
the words of his tongue, when through Thy red Fire, O Mazda, the
assignment (of rewards) is made to the two parties.
- Whosoever cometh over to the Righteous, far from him hereafter
shall be long age of misery (and) darkness, ill-food, and crying
of woe. To such an existence, ye followers of the Lie, shall your
own Self bring you through your (own) action.
- Mazda Ahura by virtue of His absolute Lordship will grant
a perpetuity of communion with Haurvatat and Ameretat, and with
Asha, with Khshathra, and with Vohu Manah, to him that in spirit
and in action is his friend.
- Clear it is to the man of understanding, as one who has realized
it with his thought. He upholds Asha together with good Dominion
by his word and deed. He will be, O Mazda Ahura, the most helpful
helper to Thee.
Chapter 5 / Yasna 32.
- (Zarathushtra) -- And his blessedness, even that of Ahura
Mazda, shall the nobles strive to attain, his the community with
the brotherhood, his, ye Daevas, in the manner as I declare it.
(The Representatives of the Classes) -- As thy messengers we would
keep them far away that are enemies to you.
- To them Mazda Ahura, who is united with Good Thought, and
is in goodly fellowship with glorious Right, through Dominion,
made reply: We make choice of your holy good Piety [Armaiti] -- may it be
- (Zarathushtra) -- But ye, ye Daevas all, and he that highly
honors you, are the seed of Bad Thought -- yes, and of the Lie
and of Arrogance, likewise your deeds, whereby ye have long been
known in the seventh region of the earth.
- For ye have brought it to pass that men who do the worst things
shall be called beloved of the Daevas, separating themselves from
Good Thought, departing from the will of Mazda Ahura and from
- Thereby ye defrauded mankind of happy life and immortality,
by the deed which he and the Bad Spirit together with Bad Thought
and Bad Word taught you, ye Daevas and the Liars, so as to ruin
- The many sins by which he has succeeded in being famous whether
by these it shall be thus, this Thou Knowest by the Best Thought,
O Ahura, Thou who art mindful of each person's deserts. In Thy
Dominion, O Mazda, and that of Asha, shall your decision thereon
- None of these sins will the understanding commit, in eagerness
to attain the blessing that shall be proclaimed, we know, through
the glowing metal -- sins the issue of which, O Ahura Mazda, Thou
- Among these sinners, we know, Yima was included, Vivanghen's
son, who desiring to satisfy men gave our people flesh of the
ox to eat. From these shall I be separated by Thee, O Mazda, at
- The teacher of evil destroys the lore, he by his teaching
destroys the design of life, he prevents the possession of Good
Thought from being prized. These words of my spirit I wail unto
you, O Mazda, and to the Right.
- He it is that destroys, who declares that the Ox and the Sun
are the worst things to behold with the eyes, and hath made the
pious into liars, and desolates the pastures and lifts his weapon
against the righteous man.
- It is they, the liars, who destroy life, who are mightily
determined to deprive matron and master of the enjoyment of their
heritage, in that they would prevent the righteous, O Mazda, from
the Best Thought.
- Since they by their lore would pervert men from the best doing,
Mazda uttered evil against them, who destroy the life of the Ox
with shouts of joy, by whom Grehma and his tribe are preferred
to the Right and the Karapan and the lordship of them that seek
after the Lie.
- Since Grehma shall attain the realm in the dwelling of the
Worst Thought, he and the destroyers of life, O Mazda, they shall
lament in their longing for the message of Thy prophet, who will
stay them from beholding the Right.
- To his undoing Grehma, and the Kavis, have long devoted their
purpose and energies, for they set themselves to help the liar,
and that it may be said, "The Ox shall be slain that it may
kindle the Averter of Death to help us."
- Thereby hath come to ruin the Karapan and the Kavi community,
through those whom they will not have to rule over their life.
These shall be born away from them both to the dwelling of Good
- ..., who hast power, O Mazda Ahura, on him who threatens to
be my undoing, that I may fetter the men of the Lie in their violence
against my friends.
Chapter 6 / Yasna 33.
- According as it is with the laws that belong to the present
life, so shall the Judge act with most just deed towards the man
of the Lie and the man of the Right, and him whose false things
and good things balance (in equal measure).
- Whoso worketh ill for the liar by word or thought or hands,
or converts his dependent to the good -- such men meet the will
of Ahura Mazda to his satisfaction.
- Whose is most good to the righteous man, be he noble or member
of the community or the brotherhood, Ahura -- or with diligence
cares for the cattle, he shall be hereafter in the pasture of
Right and Good Thought [Asha and Vohu Manah].
- I who by worship would keep far from Thee, O Mazda, disobedience
and Bad Thought, heresy from the nobles, and from the community
the Lie, that is most near, and from the brotherhood the slanderers,
and the worst herdsmen from the pastures of the cattle; --
- I who would invoke thy Obedience as the greatest of all at
the Consummation, attaining long life, and the Dominion of Good
Thought, and the straight ways into Right, wherein Mazda Ahura
- I, as a priest, who would learn the straight (paths) by the
Right, would learn by the Best Spirit how to practice husbandry
by that thought in which it is thought of; these Twain of Thine,
O Ahura Mazda, I strive to see and take counsel with them.
- Come hither to me, O ye Best Ones, hither, O Mazda, in Thine
own person and visibly, O Right and Good Thought, that I may be
heard beyond the limits of the people. Let the august duties be
manifest among us and clearly viewed.
- Consider ye my matters whereon I am active, O Good Thought,
my worship, O Mazda, towards one like you, and O Right, the words
of my praise. Grant, O Welfare and Immortality, your own everlasting
- That Spirit of Thine, Mazda, together with the comfort of
the Comrades Twain, who advance the Right, let the Best Thought
bring through the Reform wrought by me. Sure is the support of
those twain, whose souls are one.
- All the pleasures of life which thou holdest, those that were,
that are, and that shall be O Mazda, according to thy good will
apportion them. Through Good Thought advance thou the body, through
Dominion and Right at will.
- The most mighty Ahura Mazda, and Piety, and Right that blesses
our substance, and Good Thought and Dominion, hearken unto me,
be merciful to me, when to each man the recompense comes.
- Rise up for me, O Ahura, through Armaiti give strength, through
the holiest Spirit give might, O Mazda, through the good Recompense
through the Right give powerful prowess, through Good Thought
give the reward.
- To support me, O Thou that seest far onward, do ye assure
me the incomparable things in your Dominion, O Ahura, as the Destiny
of Good Thought. O Holy Armaiti, teach the Daenas about the Right.
- As an offering Zarathushtra brings the life of his own body,
the choiceness of good thought, action, and speech, unto Mazda,
unto the Right, Obedience, and Dominion.
Chapter 7 / Yasna 34.
- The action, the word, and the worship for which Thou, O Mazda,
shalt bestow Immortality and Right, and Dominion of Welfare -
through multitudes of these, O Ahura, we would that thou shouldst
- And all the actions of the good spirit [Spenta Mainyu -JHP] and the holy man, whose
soul follows the Right, do ye set with the thought (thereof) in
thine outer court, O Mazda, when ye are adored with hymns of praise.
- To Thee and to Right [Asha] we will offer the sacrifice [myazda,
i.e. offering] with due service [veneration], that in (Thy established)
Dominion ye may bring all creatures to perfection through Good Thought.
For the reward of the wise man is for ever secure, O Mazda, among you.
- Of Thy Fire, O Ahura, that is mighty through Right, promised
and powerful, we desire that it may be for the faithful man with
manifested delight, but for the enemy with visible torment, according
to the pointings of the hand.
- Have ye Dominion and power, O Mazda, Right and Good Thought,
to do as I urge upon you, even to protect your poor man? We have
renounced the robber-gangs, both demons and men.
- If ye are truly thus, O Mazda, Right and Good Thought, then
give me this token, even a total reversal of this life, that I
may come before you again more joyfully with worship and praise.
- Can they be true to thee, O Mazda, who by their doctrines
turn the known inheritances of Good Thought into misery and woe
[usheuru?]. I know none other but you, O Right, so do ye protect
- For by these actions they put us in fear, in which peril is
for many -- in that the stronger (puts in fear) (me) the weaker
one -- through hatred of thy commandment, O Mazda. They that will
not have the Right in their thought, from them shall the Good
Abode be far.
- These men of evil action who spurn the holy Piety, precious
to thy wise one, O Mazda, through their having no part in Good
Thought, from them Right shrinks back far, as from us shrink the
wild beasts of prey.
- The man of understanding [or good will] has instructed (people) to cling
to action of this Good Thought [Vohu Manah], and to the Holy Piety
[Spenta Armaiti], creator, comrade of Right [Asha] -- wise that he is,
and to all hope, O Ahura,
that are in thy Dominion, O Mazda.
- And both thy (gifts) shall be for sustenance, even nectar
and ambrosia. Piety linked with Right shall advance the Dominion
of Good Thought, its permanence and power. By these, O Mazda,
dost thou bless the foes of thy foes.
- What is thine ordinance? What willst thou? What of praise
or what of worship? Proclaim it, Mazda, that we may hear what
ordinances Destiny will apportion. Teach us by Right the paths
of Good Thought that are blessed to go in, -
- Even that way of Good Thought, O Ahura, of which thou didst
speak to me, whereon, a way well made by Right, the Daena of the
future benefactors shall pass to the reward that was prepared
for the wise, of which thou art determinant, O Mazda.
- The precious reward, then, O Mazda, ye will give by the action
of Good Thought to the bodily life of those who are in the community
that tends the pregnant cow, (the promise of) your good doctrine,
Ahura, that of the wisdom which exalts communities through Right.
- O Mazda, make known to me he best teachings and actions, these
O Good Thought and O Right the due of praise. Through your Dominion,
O Ahura, assure us that mankind shall be capable according to
Chapter 8 / Yasna 43.
- To each several man, to whom Mazda Ahura ruling at his will
grant after the (petitioner's) will, I will after his will that
he attain permanence and power, lay hold of Right - grant this,
O Piety, - the destined gift of wealth, the life of the Good Thought,
- and it shall be for him the best of all things. After his
longing for bliss may one be given bliss, through the provident
most holy spirit, O Mazda, even the blessings of Good Thought
which thou wilt give through Right all the days with joy of enduring
- May he attain to that which is better than the good, who would
teach us the straight paths of blessedness in this life here of
the body and in that of thought - true paths that lead to the
world where Ahura Mazda dwells - a faithful man, well-knowing
and holy like thee, O Mazda.
- Then shall I recognize thee as strong and holy, O Mazda, when
by the hand in which thou thyself dost hold the destinies that
thou wilt assign to the Liar and the Righteous, by the glow of
thy Fire whose power is Right, the might of Good Thought shall
come to me.
- As the holy one [spenta] I recognize thee, Mazda Ahura, when I saw
thee in the beginning at the birth of Life, when thou madest actions
and words to have their meed -- evil for the evil, a good destiny
for the good -- through thy wisdom when creation shall reach its
- At which goal thou wilt come with thy holy Spirit, O Mazda,
with Dominion, at the same with Good Thought, by whose action
the settlements will prosper through Right. Their judgments shall
Piety proclaim, even those of thy wisdom which none can deceive.
- As the holy one I recognized thee, Mazda Ahura, when Good
Thought came to me and asked me: "Who art thou? to whom dost
thou belong? By what signs wilt thou appoint the days for questioning
about thy possessions and thyself?"
- Then I said to him: "To the first (question), Zarathushtra
am I, a true foe to the Liar, to the utmost of my power, but a
powerful support would I be to the Righteous, that I may attain
the future things of the infinite Dominion, according as I praise
and sing thee, O Mazda.
- As the holy one I recognize thee, Mazda Ahura, when Good Thought
came to me. To his question, "For which wilt thou decide"
(I made reply). "At the gift of adoration to thy Fire, I
will bethink me of Right so long as I have power.
- Then show me Right, upon whom I call.
(Mazda:) "Associating him with Piety, I have come hither.
Ask us now what things are here for thee to ask. For thy asking
is as that of a mighty one, since he that is able should make
thee as a mighty one possessed of thy desire."
- As the holy one I recognized thee, Mazda Ahura, when Good
Thought came to me, when first by your words I was instructed.
Shall it bring me sorrow among men, my devotion, in doing that
which ye tell me is the best.
- And when thou saidest to me, 'To Right shalt thou go for teaching',
then thou didst not command what I did not obey: 'Speed thee,
ere my Obedience come, followed by treasure-laden Destiny, who
shall render to men severally the destiny of the two-fold award.'
- As the holy one I recognized thee, Mazda Ahura, when Good
Thought came to me to learn the state of my desire. Grant it me,
that which none may compel you to allow, (the wish) for long continuance
of blessed existence that they say is in thy Dominion.
- If thy provident side, such as an understanding man who has
the power would give to his friends, comes to me by the Dominion
through Right, then I will bestir myself to set myself in opposition
against the foes of thy Law, together with all those who are mindful
of thy words.
- As the holy one I recognized thee, Mazda Ahura, when Good
Thought came to me, when the best Tushna-Matay taught me to declare:
"Let not men seek again and again to please the Liars, for
they make all the righteous enemies."
- And Zarathushtra himself, O Ahura, chooses each one of thy
holiest Spirit, O Mazda. May Right be embodied full of life and
strength! May Piety abide in the Dominion bright as the sun! May
Good Thought give destiny to men according to their works!
Chapter 9 / Yasna 44.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - as to prayer, how
it should be to one of you. O Mazda Ahura, might one like thee
teach to a friend such as I am, and through friendly Right give
us support, that Good Thought may come to us.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether at the beginning
of the Best Existence the recompenses shall bring blessedness
to him that meets with them. Surely he, O Right, the holy one,
who watches in his spirit the transgression of all, if himself
the benefactor of all that lives, O Mazda.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. Who is by generation
the Father of Right, at the first? Who determined the path of
sun and stars? Who is it by whom the moon waxes and wanes again?
This, O Mazda, and yet more, I am fain to know.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. Who upholds the earth
beneath and the firmament from falling? Who the waters and the
plants? Who yoked swiftness to winds and clouds? Who is, O Mazda,
creator of Good Thought?
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. What artist made light
and darkness? What artist made sleep and waking? Who made morning,
noon, and night, that call the understanding man to his duty?
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether what I proclaim
is verily the truth. Will Right with its actions give aid (at
the last)? will Piety? Will Good Thought announce from the Dominion?
For whom hast thou made the pregnant cow that brings good luck?
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. Who created together
with Dominion the precious Piety? Who made by wisdom the son obedient
to his father? I strive to recognize by these things thee, O Mazda,
creator of all things through the holy spirit.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. I could keep in mind
thy design, O Mazda, and understand aright the maxims of life
which I ask of Good Thought and Right. How will my soul partake
of the good that gives increase?
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether for the Self
that I would bring to perfection, that of the man of insight,
the Lord of Dominion would make promises of the sure Dominion,
one of thy likenesses, O Mazda, who dwells in one abode with (Right)
and Good Thought.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. The Religion which
is best for (all) that are, which in union with Right should prosper
all that is mine, will they duly observe it, the religion of my
creed, with words and action of Piety, in desire for thy (future)
good things, O Mazda?
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether Piety will
extend to those to whom thy Religion shall be proclaimed? I was
ordained at the first for this by thee; all others I look upon
with hatred of spirit.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. Who among those with
whom I would speak is a righteous man, and who a liar? On which
side is the enemy? (On this), or is he the enemy, the Liar who
opposes thy blessings? How shall it be with him? Is he not to
be thought of as an enemy?
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether we shall drive
the Lie away from us to those who being full of disobedience will
not strive after fellowship with Right, nor trouble themselves
with counsel of Good Thought.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether I would put
the Lie into the hands of Right, to cast her down by the words
of thy lore, to work a mighty destruction among the Liars, to
bring torments upon them and enmities, O Mazda.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - if thou hast power
over this to ward off from me through Right, when the two opposing
hosts meet in battle according to those decrees which thou wilt
firmly establish. Whether is it of the twain that thou wilt give
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. Who is victorious to
protect by thy doctrine (all) that are? By vision assure me how
to set up the judge that heals the world. Then let him have Obedience
coming with Good Thought unto every man whom thou desirest, O
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether through you
I shall attain my goal, O Mazda, even attachment unto you, and
that my voice may be effectual, that Welfare and Immortality may
be ready to unite according to that promise with him who joins
himself with Right.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura - whether I shall indeed,
O Right, earn the reward, even ten mares with a stallion and a
camel, which was promised to me, O Mazda, as well as through thee,
the future gift of Welfare and Immortality.
- This I ask Thee, tell me truly, Ahura. He that will not give
the reward to him that earns it, even to the man who fulfilling
his word gives him (what he undertook) - what penalty shall come
to him for the same at the present? I know that which shall come
to him at the last.
- Have the Daevas ever exercised good dominion? And I ask of
those who see how for the Daevas' sake the Karapan and the Usij
give cattle to violence, and how the Kavi made them continually
to mourn, instead of taking care that they make the pastures prosper
Chapter 10 / Yasna 45.
- I will speak forth: hear now and hearken now, ye from near
and ye from far that desire (instruction). Now observe this in
your mind, all of you, for he is revealed. Never shall the false
Teacher destroy the Second Life, the Liar, in perversion by his
tongue into evil belief.
- I will speak of the Spirits twain at the first beginning of
the world, of whom the holier spoke thus to the enemy: "Neither
thought, nor teachings, nor wills, nor beliefs, nor words, nor
deeds, nor selfs, nor souls of us twain agree".
- I will speak of that which Mazda Ahura, the all-knowing, revealed
to me first in this (earthly) life. Those of you that put not
in practice this word as I think and utter it, to them shall be
woe at the end of life.
- I will speak of what is best for the life. Through Asha I
have come to know, O Mazda, who created it (the life), the father
of active Good Thought: but his daughter is the good-working Armaiti.
The all-observant Ahura is not to be deceived.
- I will speak of that which (he), the Holiest declared to me
as the word that is best for mortals to obey; while he said: "they
who for my sake render him obedience, shall all attain unto Welfare
and Immortality by the actions of the Good Spirit [Spenta Mainyu -JHP]" - (he)
- I will speak of him who is the greatest of all, praising him,
O Right, who is bounteous to all that live. By the holy spirit
let Mazda Ahura hearken, in whose Adoration I have been instructed
by Good Thought. By his wisdom let him teach me what is best,
- Even he whose two awards, whereof he ordains, men shall attain,
who so are living or have been or shall be. In immortality shall
the soul of the righteous be joyful, in perpetuity shall be the
torment of Liars. All this doth Mazda Ahura appoint by his Dominion.
- Him thou shouldst seek to win for us by hymns of adoration
(in thy mind): "Now indeed have I seen it with mine eye,
(the Kingdom) of the good spirit [Spenta Mainyu -JHP] and of (good) action and word,
since I have learnt to know Mazda Ahura through Right". Let
us offer him homage in the House of Song [Heaven].
- Him thou shouldst seek to propitiate for us together with
Good Thought, who at his will maketh us weal or woe. May Mazda
Ahura by his Dominion bring us to work, for prospering our beasts
and our men, so that we may through Right have familiarity with
- Him thou shouldst seek to exalt with prayers of piety, him
that is called Mazda Ahura for ever, for that he hath promised
through his own Right and Good Thought that Welfare and Immortality
shall be for us in his Dominion strength and perpetuity in his
- Whoso therefore in the future lightly esteemeth the Daeva
and those mortals that lightly esteem him - even all others save
that one who highly esteemeth him, - unto his shall the holy Daena
of the future deliverer, as lord of the house, be friend, brother
or father, O Mazda Ahura.
Chapter 11 / Yasna 46.
- To what land shall I go to flee, whither to flee? From nobles
and from my peers they sever me, nor are the people pleased with
me [......], nor the Liar rulers of the land. How am I to please
thee, Mazda Ahura?
- I know wherefore, O Mazda, I have been unable (to achieve)
anything. Only a few herds are mine (and therefore it is so) and
because I have got but few people. I cry unto thee, see thou to
it, O Ahura, granting me support a friend gives to friend. Teach
me through the Right what the acquisition of Good Thought is.
- When, Mazda, shall the sunrisings come forth for the worlds
winning of Right, through the powerful teachings of the wisdom
of the future Deliverers? Who are they to whose help Good Thought
shall come? I have faith that thou wilt thyself fulfill this for
me, O Ahura.
- The Liar stays the supporter of Right from prospering the
cattle in district and province, infamous that he is, repellent
in his actions. Whoso, Mazda, robs him of dominion or of life,
he shall go before and prepare the ways of the good belief.
- If an understanding man should be able to hold one who comes
over from his vow and his ties of faith, himself having brought
him thereto, and living according to the ordinance, a righteous
man (converting) a Liar - then shall he, when he is sure of him,
tell it to the nobles, that they may protect him from injury,
O Mazda Ahura.
- But whoso when thus approached should refuse his aid, he shall
go to the abodes of the company of the Liar. For he is himself
a Liar, who is very good to a Liar, he is a righteous man to whom
a righteous man is dear, since thou hast created men's Selves
in the beginning, O Ahura.
- Whom, O Mazda, can one appoint as protector for one like me,
when the Liar sets himself to injure me, other than Thy Fire and
Thy Thought, through actions of which twain the Right will come
to maturity, O Ahura? In this lore do thou instruct my very self.
- Whoso is minded to injure my possessions, from his actions
may no harm come to me! Back upon himself may they come with hostility,
against his own person, all the hostile (acts), to keep him far
from the Good Life, Mazda, not from the ill!
- Who is it, the faithful man he, who first taught that we honor
thee as mightiest to help, as the holy righteous Lord over action?
What thy Right made known, what the Ox-Creator made known to Right,
they would fain hear through thy Good Mind.
- Whoso, man or woman, doeth what thou, Mazda Ahura, knowest
as best in life, as destiny for what is Right (give him) the Dominion
through Good Thought. And those whom I impel to your adoration,
with all these will I cross the Bridge of the Separator.
- By their dominion the Karapans and the Kavis accustomed mankind
to evil actions, so as to destroy Life. Their own soul and their
own self shall torment them when they come where the Bridge of
the Separator is, to all time dwellers in the House of the Lie.
- When among the laudable descendants and posterity of the Turanian
Fryana the Right ariseth, through activity of Piety that blesseth
substance; then shall Good Thought admit them, and Mazda Ahura
give them protection at the Fulfillment.
- Whoso among mortals has pleased Spitama Zarathushtra by his
willingness, a man deserving of good fame, to him shall Mazda
Ahura give Life, to him shall Good Thought increase substance,
him we account to be a familiar friend with your Right.
- O Zarathushtra, what righteous man is thy friend for the great
covenant? Who wills to have good fame? It is the Kava Vishtaspa
at the consummation. Those whom thou wilt unite in one house with
thee, these will I call with words of Good Thought.
- Ye Haechataspa Spitamas, I will declare unto ye so that ye
can discern the wise and the unwise. ... Through these actions
ye shall acquire Right according to the primeval laws of Ahura.
- Frashaoshtra Hvogva, go thou thither with those faithful whom
we both desire to be in blessedness, where with Right is united
Piety, where the Dominion is in possession of Good Thought, where
Mazda Ahura dwells to give it increase.
- When, O Jamaspa Hvogva, when I recount your wrongs not your
successes, (and) with your obedience the prayers of your loyalty,
(before him) who shall separate the wise and the unwise through
his prudent counselor the Right, even he, Mazda Ahura.
- He that holds unto me, to him I promise what is best in my
possession through the Good Thought, but enmities to him that
shall set himself to devise enmity to us, O Mazda and the Right,
desiring to satisfy your will. That is the decision of my understanding
- He who accomplisheth for me, even Zarathushtra, in accordance
with Right that which best agrees with my will, to him as earning
the reward of the Other Life shall be that of two pregnant cows,
with all things whereon his mind is set. These things will thou
bring to pass for me who best knowest how, O Mazda.
Chapter 12 / Yasna 47.
1. For his holy Spirit and for Best Thought, deed, and word,
in accordance with Right Mazda Ahura with Dominion and Piety shall
give us Welfare and Immortality.
The best (work) of this most holy Spirit he fulfills with
the tongue through words of Good Thought, with work of his hands
through the action of Piety, by virtue of this knowledge: he,
even Mazda, is the Father of Right.
Thou art the holy Father of this Spirit, which has created
for us the luck-bringing cattle, and for its pasture to give it
peace (has created) Piety, when he had taken counsel, O Mazda,
with Good Thought.
From this Spirit have Liars fallen away, O Mazda, but not
the Righteous. Whether one is lord of little or of much, he is
to show love to the righteous, but be ill unto the Liar.
And all the best things which by this Holy Spirit thou hast
promised to the righteous, O Mazda Ahura, shall the Liar partake
of them without thy will, who by his actions is on the side of
Through this holy Spirit, Mazda Ahura, and through the Fire
thou wilt give the division of good to the two parties, with support
of Piety and Right. This verily will convert many who are ready
Chapter 13 / Yasna 48.
1. When at the Recompensings the Right shall smite the Liar,
so that what was long since made known shall be assigned to eternity
to Daevas and men, then will it exalt with thy blessings, Ahura,
him who prays to thee.
2. Tell me, for thou art he that knows, O Ahura: - shall the
Righteous smite the Liar before the retributions come which thou
hast conceived? That were indeed a message to bless the world.
For him that knows, that is the best of teachings which the
beneficent Ahura teaches through the Right, he the holy one, even
thyself, O Mazda, that knows the secret lore through the wisdom
of Good Thought.
Whoso, O Mazda, makes his thought (now) better, (now) worse,
and likewise his Self by action and by word, and follows his own
inclinations, wishes, and choices, he shall in thy purpose be
in a separate place at last.
Let good rulers rule us, not evil rulers with the actions
of the Good Lore, O Piety! Perfect thou for man, O thou most good,
the future birth, and for the cow skilled husbandry. Let her grow
fat for our nourishing.
She (Armaiti) will give us peaceful dwelling, she will give
lasting life and strength, she the beloved of Good Thought. For
it (the cattle) Mazda Ahura made the plants to grow at the birth
of the First Life, through Right.
Violence must be put down! against cruelty make a stand, ye
who would make sure of the reward of Good Thought through Right,
to whose company the holy man belongs. His dwelling place shall
be in thy House, O Ahura.
Is the possession of thy good Dominion, Mazda, is that of
thy Destiny assured to me Ahura? Will thy manifestation, O thou
Right, be welcome to the pious, even the weighing of actions by
the Good Spirit [Spenta Mainyu -JHP]?
When shall I know whether ye have power, O Mazda and Right,
over everyone whose destructiveness is a menace to me? Let the
revelation of Good Thought be confirmed unto me; the future deliverer
should know how his own destiny shall be.
10. When, O Mazda, will the nobles understand the message? When
will thou smite the filthiness of this intoxicant, through which
the Karapans evilly deceive, and the wicked lords of the lands
with purpose fell?1
1. Martin Schwartz tr: "When will they ban(ish) the filth
of that ditch/reciprocity-gift whereby ... the karapans commit
plunder", 'thus Yasna 48.10 contains no reference to intoxication,
let alone condemnation of haoma.' Flattery: 'the passage ... has
nothing remotely to do with sauma.' (Flattery & Schwartz,
Haoma and Harmaline, 1989, pp. 105, 6.)
11. When, O Mazda, shall Piety come with Right, with Dominion
the happy dwelling rich with pasture? Who are they that will make
peace with the bloodthirsty Liars? To whom will the Lore of Good
These shall be the deliverers [Saoshyants -JHP] of the provinces, who exert
themselves, O Good Thought in their action, O Asha, to fulfill
their duty, face to face with thy command, O Mazda. For these
are the appointed smiters of Violence.
Chapter 14 / Yasna 49.
Ever has Bendva been for me the greatest obstacle, I who desire
to give satisfaction to those who are neglected, O Right, O Mazda.
With good Ada come to me, support me firmly. Prepare for him (his)
ruin, O Good Thought.
The perverter of this Bendva has long time impeded me, the
Liar who has fallen away from Right. He cares not that holy Piety
should be his, nor takes the counsel with Good Thought, O Mazda.
And in this belief (of ours), O Mazda, Right is laid down,
for blessing, in the heresy the Lie, for ruin. Therefore I strive
for the fellowship of Good Thought, I forbid all intercourse with
They who make the increase of violence and cruelty with their
tongues, the foes of cattle-nurture among its friends; whose ill
deeds prevail, not their good deeds: these (shall be) in the house
of the Daevas, (the place for) the Self of the Liar.
But he, O Mazda, - happiness and satiety be his who links
his own Self with Good Thought, being through Right an intimate
of Piety. And with all these (may I be) in Thy Dominion, Ahura.
I beseech you twain, O Mazda and the Right, to say what are
the plans of your will, that we may discern how we might teach
the Religion of such as you, O Ahura.
And this let Good Thought hear, O Mazda, let the Right hear,
do thou also listen, O Ahura, which men of the brotherhood, what
noble is it according to the Law who brings to the community fame.
On Frashaoshtra do thou bestow the most gladsome fellowship
with the Right - this I ask thee, O Mazda Ahura - and on myself
the hold on what is good in thy Dominion. To all eternity we would
be thy messengers.
Let the helper hear the ordinance, he that is created to bring
deliverance. The man of right words is no regarder of fellowship
with the Liar, if they that are partakers of Right are to make
their Selves partake in the best reward at the Judgment, O Jamaspa.
And this, O Mazda, will I put in thy care within thy House
- the Good Thought and the souls of the Righteous, their worship,
their Piety and zeal, that thou mayst guard it, O thou mighty
Dominion, with abiding power.
But these that are of an evil dominion, of evil deeds, evil
words, evil Self, and evil thought, Liars, the Souls go to meet
them with evil food; in the House of the Lie they shall be meet
What help hast thou, O Right, for Zarathushtra that calls
upon me? What hast thou, Good Thought? -- for me who with praises
seeks your favor, O Mazda Ahura, longing for that which is best
in your possession.
Chapter 15 / Yasna 50.
(Zarathushtra:) Can my soul count on any one for help? Who
is there found for my herd, who for myself a protector, indeed,
at my call other than the Right and thyself. O Mazda Ahura, and
the Best Thought?
How, O Mazda, should one desire the luck-bringing cattle,
one who would fain it would come to him with the pasture?|
(Mazda:) They that live uprightly according to the Right among
the many that look upon the sun, those whom they stand in judgment,
I will settle in the dwellings of the wise.
(Zarathushtra:) So this (reward) shall come to him through
the Right, O Mazda, (this reward) which by the Dominion and Good
Thought he promised, whomsoever by the power of his Destiny prospers
the neighboring possession that now the Liar holds.
I will worship you with praise, O Mazda Ahura, joined with
Right and Best Thought and Dominion, that they, desired of pious
men, may stand as Judges on the path of the obedient unto the
House of Song.
Assured by you, O Mazda Ahura and Right, are the pointings
of the hand - since you are well-disposed to your prophet - which
shall bring us to bliss, together with visible manifest help.
The prophet Zarathushtra, O Mazda, who lifts up his voice
in worship, as friend of Asha - may the Creator of Wisdom teach
me his ordinances through Good Thought, that my tongue may have
For you I will harness the swiftest steeds, stout and strong,
by the promptings of your praise, that ye may come hither, O Mazda,
Right, and Good thought.
Ever with verses that are recognized as those of pious zeal
I will come before you with outstretched hands, O Mazda, before
you, O thou Right, with worship of the faithful man, before you
with all the capacity of Good Thought.
With those prayers I would come and praise you, O Mazda and
thou Right, with actions of Good Thought. If I be master of my
own destiny as I will, then will I take thought for the portion
of the wise in the same.
Those actions that I shall achieve and those done aforetime,
and those, O Good Thought, that are precious in thy sight, the
rays of the sun, the shimmering uprisings of the days, all is
for your praise, O thou Right and Mazda Ahura.
Your praiser, Mazda, will I declare myself and be, so long,
O Right, as I have strength and power. May the Creator of the
world accomplish through Good Thought its fulfillment of all that
most perfectly answers to his will.
Chapter 16 / Yasna 51.
- The good, the precious Dominion, as a most surpassing portion,
shall Right achieve for him that with zeal accomplishes what is
best through his actions, O Mazda. This will I now work out for
- Before all, O Mazda Ahura, assure me the Dominion of your
possession, O Right, and what is thine, O Piety. Your (Dominion)
of blessing give through Good Thought to him that prays.
- Let your ears attend to those who in their deeds and utterances
hold to your words, Ahura and Right, to those of Good Thought,
for whom thou, Mazda, art the first teacher.
- Where is the recompense for wrong to be found, where pardon
for the same? Where shall they attain the Right? Where is the
holy Piety, where Best Thought? Thy Dominions, where are they,
- All this (I) ask, whether the husbandman shall find cattle
in accordance with Right, he that is perfect in action, a man
of understanding, when he prays to him, who hath promised unto
the Wise the true Judge, in that he is Lord of the two destinies...
- Even he, Ahura Mazda, who through his Dominion appoints what
is better than good to him that is attached to his will, but what
is worse than evil to him that obeys him not, at the last end
- Give me, O thou that didst create the Ox and Waters and Plants,
Welfare and Immortality, by the Highest Spirit, O Mazda, strength
and continuance through Good Thought at the (Judge's) sentence.
- Of these two things will I speak, O Mazda, - for one may speak
to the wise, - the ill that is threatened to the Liar, and the
happiness of him who clings to the Right. For he, the Prophet,
is glad of every one who says this to the wise.
- What recompense thou wilt give to the two parties by thy red
Fire, by the molten metal, give us a sign of it in our souls -
even the bringing of ruin to the Liar, of blessing to the Righteous.
- Whoso, other than this one, seeks to kill me, Mazda, he is
a son of the Lie's creation, ill-willed thus towards all that
live. I call the Right to come to me with good destiny.
- What man is friend to Spitama Zarathushtra, O Mazda? Who will
let himself be counseled by Right? With whom is holy Piety? Or
who as an upright man is intent on the brotherhood of Good Thought?
- The Kavi's wanton did not please Zarathushtra Spitama at the
Winter Gate, in that he stayed him from taking refuge with him,
and when there came to him also (Zarathushtra's) two steeds shivering
- Thus the Self of the Liar destroys for himself the assurance
of the right Way; whose soul shall tremble at the Revelation on
the Bridge of the Separator, having turned aside with deeds and
tongue from the Path of Right.
- The Karapans will not obey the statutes and ordinances concerning
husbandry. For the pain they inflict upon the cattle, fulfill
upon them through their actions and judgments that judgment which
at the last shall bring them to the House of the Lie.
- When Zarathushtra hath promised to the men of his brotherhood,
(which) in the House of Song Ahura Mazda hath first attained,
for all this I have looked through your blessings, Good Thought,
and those of Right.
- Kavi Vishtaspa hath the creed which the holy Mazda Ahura with
Right hath devised, together with the dominion of the Brotherhood,
and the path of Good Thought. So be it accomplished after our
- The fair form of one that is dear hath Frashaoshtra Hvogva
promised unto me: may sovereign Mazda Ahura grant that she attain
possession of the Right for her good Self.
- This creed Jamaspa Hvogva chooses through Right, lordly in
substance. This Dominion they (choose) who have part in Good Thought.
This grant me, Ahura, that they may find in thee, Mazda, their
- The man himself, O Maidyoi-Maungha Spitama, hath set this
before him after conceiving it in his own self. He that would
see life indeed, to him will he make known what in actions by
Mazda's ordinance is better during (this) existence.
- Your blessings shall ye give us, all that are one in will,
with whom Right, Good Thought, Piety, and Mazda (are one) according
to promise, giving your aid when worshipped with reverence.
- By Piety the man becomes Holy. Such person advances Right
through his thinking, his words, his action, his Self. By Good
Thought Mazda Ahura will give the Dominion. For this good Destiny
- He, I ween, that Mazda Ahura knoweth among all that have been
and are, as one to whom in accordance with Right the best portion
falls for his prayer, these will I reverence by their own names
and go before them with honor.
Chapter 17 / Yasna 53.
- (Zarathushtra) - The best possession known is of Zarathushtra
Spitama, which is that Mazda Ahura will give him through Right
the glories of blessed life unto all time, and likewise to them
that practice and learn the words and actions of his Good Religion.
- Then let them seek the pleasure of Mazda with thoughts, words,
and actions, unto him praise gladly, and seek his worship, even
Kava Vishtaspa, and Zarathushtra's son, the Spitamid, with Frashaoshtra,
making straight the paths for the Religion of the future Deliverer
which Ahura ordained.
- Him, O Pouruchista, thou scion of Haechataspa and Spitama,
youngest of Zarathushtra's daughters, hath (Zarathushtra) appointed
as one to enjoin on them the fellowship with Good Thought, Right,
and Mazda. So take counsel with thine own understanding, with
good insight practice the holiest works of Piety.
- (Jamaspa): Earnestly will I lead her to the Faith, that she
may serve her father and her husband, the farmers and the nobles,
as a righteous woman (serving) the righteous. The glorious heritage
of Good Thought ... shall Mazda Ahura give to her for all time.
- (Zarathushtra): Teachings address I to maidens marrying, and
to you (bridegrooms) giving counsel. Lay them to heart and learn
to get them within your Selves in earnest attention to the Life
of Good Thought. Let each of you strive to excel the other in
the Right, for it will be a prize for that one.
- So is it in fact, ye men and women! Whatever happiness ye
look for in the follower of the (...) that will be snatched away
from his person. To them the Liars, crying 'woe', shall be ill-food,
paradise shall be lost to them that despite righteousness. In
such wise ye destroy for yourselves the Spiritual Life.
- And to you shall accrue the reward of the Brotherhood - in
so far as the most faithful zeal is in your flesh and blood -
there where the spirit of the Liar, cringing and cowering, shall
fall down into destruction. If you separate yourselves from the
Brotherhood, then will 'woe!' be your word at the end of things.
- So they whose deeds are evil, let them be deceived, and let
them all howl, abandoned to ruin. Through good rulers let him
bring death and bloodshed upon them and peace from these (their
assaults) unto the happy villagers. Grief let him bring on those,
he that is the greatest, with the lord of death; and soon let
- To men of evil creed belongs the place of corruption. They
that set themselves to contemn the worthy, despising righteousness,
forfeiting their own body. - Where is the Righteous Lord who shall
rob them of life and freedom? Thine Mazda is the Dominion, whereby
thou canst give to the right-living poor man the better portion.
Translation by C. Bartholomae, from I.J.S. Taraporewala, The
Divine Songs of Zarathushtra.
Notes in square brackets  were added by Joseph H. Peterson.