Contents Page English Zoroastrian Library - Articles


Rune Uruz, and the name of the seer Zarathustra (4018.04)
In the ancient Germanic Futhark alphabet Uruz is the rune of “virility, primal raw energies, life force, and the valiant spirit.” Rune Uruz symbolizes the “subconscious will power, and passion of the untamed nature.” Uruz literally means “auroch,” and stands for “primal, pristine energies.” Read More

Zoroastrian Gathas - M.Agathon - June 2018 CE (4018.01)
A translation of the Hymns of Zarathustra by M.Agathon Read More

Constituents of Human Beings (4018.01)
9 Constituents of Human Beings in Physical, ultra-physical and Immortal Worlds Read More

Zoroastrianism & Nature (4017.04)
Teaching of Ervad Dr. Ramiyar Parvez Karanjia Read More

Why should we not throw anything into a well ? (4017.04)
Teaching of Ervad Dr. Ramiyar Parvez Karanjia Read More

Daylamite Warriors (4017.00)
The Daylamites or Dailamites were an Iranian people inhabiting the mountainous regions of northern Iran. They were employed as soldiers from the time of the Sasanian Empire, and long resisted the Muslim conquest of Persia and subsequent Islamization. Read More

Introducing the Mazdan Religion (4017.00)
Introducing a new western Zoroastrian movement. Read More

Persian Yalda (4016.12)
Zayeshmehr* which is known as Yalda and Shab-e Cheleh in Persian is celebrated on the eve of the first day of the winter (December 21-22) in the Iranian calendar, which falls on the Winter Solstice and forty days before the next major Iranian festival "Jashn-e Sadeh (fire festival)". Read More

Consciousness in Zoroastrianism - Sam Kerr (4016.12)
The modern meaning of the word “Consciousness” is construed differently in different disciplines. For the philosophical purpose of this paper let us make the meaning simple. The most fundamental aspect of “Consciousness” is the capacity to sense existence and value. Read More

Birth of Mithra - P.J. (4016.12)
Happy ZAYESH - MEHR ( Birth of Mithra ) Let us celebrate the birth of MEHR Izad, The Lord of Light and Justice. Read More

The Origin of Yalda - Ali Jafarey (4016.12)
Climate and seasons have greatly governed animal behavior since the beginning of life on this planet. Survival, search for food, storage, shelter, hibernation, migration, and many activities have depended on the change of seasons. Man is an animal and his life has all along been subject to seasonal changes. Read More

Mazdan Musings - Daniel Levie (4016.12)
This small volume is meant to be a meditation on Mazdan topics. It is designed to encourage good thoughts. It contains seed- thoughts. It is filled with short, mini-essays which can be absorbed by the initiate in a short period but which help to understand some basic principles in Mazdan thought. Read More

Month of Mithra (AGZ) (4016.10)
From friendship with the Immortal Gods to the stewardship of the entire Creation, and the worship of the sun, moon, fire and waters Read More

Origin of concepts of Heaven and Hell (4016.10)
As you know, fundamentalist Christians and Evangelicals believe in the doctrine that the saved go to heaven, while the unsaved non-believers go to hell for eternity after they die, to suffer an eternity of torture without end, a fate beyond the scope of anyone’s imagination. Read More

Mehregan Thanksgiving Festival (4016.09)
Mehregan is one of the two most ancient Iranian festivals known, dating back at least as far as the earliest Aryans Read More

khvaetvadatha - Jafarey (4016.09)
What does 'KHVAETVADATHA' - often translated kin-marriage really mean? Read More

Ctesiphon - capital of empire (4016.08)
The imperial capital of the Sasanian Empire, Ctesiphon and its environs were among the largest urban sites in the late antiquity. It became the capital and the winter residence of the Parthian kings. Read More

Jorjani - The Return of Zarathustra, Part IV (4016.08)
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Jorjani - The Return of Zarathustra, Part V (4016.08)
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From Parsomazdaism to Euromazdaism (4016.08)
Parsomazdaism is the traditional religion of the Persians. Growing out of Indo-Iranian paganism it received its distinctive flavour with the teachings of Zarathustra who lived at least a millenium before the Christian era. Read More

Jorjani - The Return of Zarathustra, Part II (4016.08)
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Jorjani - The Return of Zarathustra, Part I (4016.08)
Zarathustra was the first archeofuturist. Ahura Mazda is the prototype of Prometheus, and an Iranian visionary is the true father of what you are used to calling your “Faustian civilization.” Read More

Jorjani - The Return of Zarathustra, Part III (4016.08)
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The Good Religion by Stephen Flowers (4016.04)
Darban I Den – having spent years in his previous incarnation as Stephen Flowers enlightening us with works on Germanic Studies, Runes, Gnosticism and the Left-Hand Path – now turns his attention to revealing and renovating ‘the world’s newest oldest religion’ – Zoroastrianism. Read More

Khordad Sal (4014.09)
Zoroastrians get particularly festive during the period of Khordad Sal. Khordad Sal can be likened to the Christian holiday of Christmas as it celebrates the birth of their prophet. Read More

Monsters and serpents in the ancient lore (4014.05)
Unlike the ancient Egyptian religion, where serpents, snakes, frogs, crocodiles, flies, rats, and a host of other creatures were worshipped; the ancient Aryan looked upon many of these creatures as hideous, grotesque, monstrous and malformed freaks of nature. Read More

Asha - the law governing the Universe (4014.04)
As divine/natural law, Asha connotes the eternal, immutable law that governs the universe. It regulates both the spiritual and the corporal worlds. In Zoroastrianism, natural law and divine law are the same. Read More

Spirituality - Kersey Antia (4014.00)
Spirituality takes different forms in different religious philosophies. Almost all religions emphasize the need for good deeds but some may prescribe certain pre-requisites such as believing in the prophet as Savior or the Son of God, or believing him to be the sole legitimate prophet on earth. Read More

Haurvatat and Ameretat - K.D.Irani (4013.11)
Understanding these two concepts requires that their roles in the scheme of the theological framework of the Gathas be grasped. Read More

A Zoroastrian Catechism (alternative translation) (4013.10)
Now it is the beautiful religion of the Mazdyasna that explores/discovers, makes things easily comprehensible, and mediates/intervenes by means of wisdom, and brings enlightenment. Read More

A Zoroastrian Catechism (4013.10)
So this must one know without venturing to doubt: "I have come from the unseen world, nor was I (always) of this world. I was created and have not (always) been. I belong to Ohrmazd, not to Ahriman. Read More

The Faravahar (4013.10)
The history of the Faravahar design begins in ancient Egypt, with a stylized bird pattern which is known as the spread-eagle. Read More

Zarathushtras Paradise (4013.06)
The idea of paradise as expressed in the later Zoroastrian literature,1 some of it written more than a thousand years after the prophet lived is in many ways quite different from the prophet's teachings as expressed in the Gathas. Read More

Why Zoroaster? (4013.06)
It can be argued that Zarathustra is the historical father of philosophy yet he doesn't often get the recognition he deserves. Read More

Happy Nowruz (4013.03)
Welcome to Nowruz A new beginning A fresh awakening To the joy of living, The beauty of nature, A cascade of colours, Flowers, trees and grass. Read More

USHAO: Zarathustra by Tim Smith (4012.11)
IT is the oldest revealed religion known to us. As such, it is intimately related to the most of other world religions; its doctrine lies at the very foundation of civilized society. Read More

USHAO: "A righteous government for all" (4012.11)
A righteous government is of all the most to be wished for, Bearing of blessing and good fortune in the highest. Read More

Is The Vendidad a Zarathushtrian Scripture? (4012.07)
The name "vendidad" shows that it concens 'laws", not religion law, but the law of a group of Iranians who had risen before the advent of Asho Zarathushtra, against "daevas" and their worshippers. Read More

The six agricultural festivals of ancient Persia (4012.06)
Zarathushtra lived in an agrarian society so it is natural that farmers and those who toiled the soil were honoured and major festivals revolved around seasonal activities such as sowing and harvesting. Read More

Happy Newroz (4012.06)
This is a special time For celebrating The renewal of nature. The green leaves on the trees The many coloured flowers The songs of the birds And the warmth of the sun Read More

Wisdomism (4012.00)
Wisdomism is the worship of wisdom. The Persian word for wisdom is Mazda. So alternative names for Wisdomism are Mazdaism or Mazdayasna. Read More

Three types of Monotheism (4012.00)
Imperial, Tribal and Philosophical Monotheism Read More

Zoroastrian Renaissance in Iran by Khosro Pardis (4011.12)
In 1979, for the second time Iran was invaded by the Arab culture called Islam. The first time was 1400 years ago. At that time your far away parents refusing to submit to their laws had to leave their mother land, Iran , and settled down in India . Read More

Christmas,Yalda, and Mithraism (4011.12)
Christmas,Yalda, and Mithraism,What is the origin of Christmas? Read More

Zarathustra by Tagore (4011.10)
The first profound record of change of direction in Man’s religion we find in the message of the great prophet in Persia, Zarathustra, and as usual it was accompanied by a revolution. Read More

Wisdom & Justice: Kherad, Asha, Farah (4011.07)
Dr Shervin Vakili, writer and researcher: The term 'Kherad' (wisdom) is one of the oldest words in Persian language. Iranians have used this term for more than 3 thousand years. Read More

Avesta - Bundahisn (4011.07)
The Zand-akas, the Zand-knowing or tradition-informed, which is first about Aramazda's original creation and the antagonism of the evil spirit, and afterwards about the nature of the creatures from the original creation till the end, which is the future existence . Read More

Avesta - Hymn to Mithra (4011.07)
Lord Wisdom spake unto Spitama Zarathustra, saying: 'Verily, when I created Mithra, the lord of wide pastures, O Spitama! I created him as worthy of sacrifice, as worthy of prayer as myself Lord Wisdom. Read More

Zarathustra - Song Two (4011.07)
Unto Thee, O Lord, the Soul of Creation cried: "For whom didst Thou create me, and who so fashioned me? Feuds and fury, violence and the insolence of might have oppressed me; Read More

Zarathustra - Song One (4011.07)
In humble adoration, with hands outstretched I pray to Thee, O Wisdom! Read More

Zoroaster and freedom in European thought (4011.07)
It is well known that the past experience can be a guiding light for the present and future actions. In this context I believe that the European experience in search of an identity and freedom of thought started from the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century... Read More

The First Universal Religion (4011.06)
4000 years ago, mankind was enslaved by superstition. The powers-that-are, priestly or temporal, were dedicated to exploiting and manipulating the people. The many idol-gods were capricious and their favors were for sale through offerings and sacrifices. Read More

Zoroastrian Heritage of Humanity (4011.06)
The designation of year 2003 by UNESCO as the 3000th anniversary of Zoroastrianism brought about through the efforts of the government of Tajikistan provides a long overdue opportunity for humanity to be made aware of one of the most fundamental aspects of its heritage. A Read More

The Enlightenment Message of Zarathushtra (4010.00)
“The Enlightenment”, an intellectual movement, which became influential as late as the 18th century in Europe, was a pursuit centered on confidence in the human capacity for thought and judgment. Read More

Zarathustra in troubled times by Stanley Insler (4010.00)
We live in troubled times today, when danger, uncertainty, deception and ignorance seem to be rampant. Read More

Zarathustra's Vision (4010.00)
In the history of the world, few men have arisen who are remembered as the founders or reformers of a great religion. Read More

Zoroastrianism for Today (4009.00)
Today we live in a world which appears to many to be full of chaos. Things don't seem to be going right. Many people find their lives are filled with work and chores - but that they are not really happy. Read More